Over the years, a number of scientific studies have examined the use of electronic pet training systems. In June 2012, a review of the historic studies conducted by the Companion Animal Welfare Council (CAWC) concluded that there was insufficient scientific evidence to indicate any damaging effects of electronic collars on the welfare of dogs. Most recently, the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) in the United Kingdom commissioned two studies designed to assess the effect of pet training aids, specifically remote static pulse systems on the welfare of domestic dogs. The resulting report was released in June 2013.

Defra concluded that the research shows no evidence that electronic training collars cause long-term harm to the welfare of dogs when used appropriately. Defra is now collaborating with the Electronic Collar Manufacturers Association (ECMA), PETT’s sister organization in Europe. Their joint aims are:

  • To ensure that electronic training products are manufactured to high quality standards

  • To ensure that all reasonable steps are taken to provide consumers with access to instructional guides on the proper use of electronic pet training systems.